Who Will Feel the Impact of the Government Shutdown?

The United States government went into a partial shutdown at 12:01 Tuesday morning. During the shutdown several government agencies will be closed, and thousands of workers will not be allowed to go to work, or get paid.

According to USA today, most of the 17 previous shutdowns have lasted no more than three days, and Americans won't really feel the effects right away. However, the longer the shutdown lasts, the more serious its impact.

The biggest impact of the shutdown will be felt by the estimated 800,000 "non-essential" federal employees who will arrive to work Tuesday morning only to be told to go home a few hours later with no sign of when they will be able to return to work, or get paid.

Many agencies and services will also be affected by the shutdown. According to USA Today all 368 national parks, zoos and museums will be closed during the shutdown. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives will be shut down, so any new gun permit requests are on hold. Any small businesses or homeowners trying to get a federal loan are also going to have to wait. The Department of Veterans Affairs said it might run of of money, which would impact the 3.6 million veterans who rely on compensation and pension checks.

A bill signed into law by President Obama will provide money to pay current military members during the shutdown period. The military is considered "essential" and is required to work through stoppages of government, but in previous shutdowns service members pay was withheld.

Some agencies and services will not be impacted at all by the shutdown. USA Today reports that during the shutdown U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Immigration Services, banks, and the U.S. Postal Service will all be up and running. Social Security is a mandatory spending program, so those who depend on Social Security will still receive benefits during the shutdown. The IRS will also be open, and collecting taxes.

USA Today reports that one of the groups that will be paid through the shutdown is President Obama, and all members of Congress.